Baobab, a tropical tree of western and southern Africa. It grows to 60 feet (18 m) tall, often with a trunk over 30 feet (9 m) in diameter. Large baobabs often live more than 1,000 years. Baobabs have stout, leafy branches, which bear single, white flowers. The fruit, called monkey bread, is 4 to 16 inches (10 to 40 cm) long and hangs at the end of a cordlike stem. Its lemon-flavored pulp is used in making beverages and as a food flavoring. The leaves are eaten as a vegetable. The bark yields a substance that is used to reduce fevers. Fibers from the inner bark are used in making rope, cloth, and packing material.

The baobab is Adansonia digitata of the bombax family, Bombacaceae.