Dracaena, the common name of two related genera of plants native to the tropics. Dracaenas of both genera occur as shrubs or trees in the wild, reaching heights of 3 feet (0.9 m) to 70 feet (21 m). Both are also popular houseplants; when grown indoors, they are usually kept pruned to a height of about 18 inches (45 cm). Dracaenas do not flower indoors; in the wild, most species produce flowers of various colors.
The leaves of dracaenas are distinctive. The gold-dust plant, a houseplant, has oval leaves heavily spotted with cream or white. The corn plant, also a houseplant, has broadly spreading leaves with yellow stripes. The dragon treehas narrow green leaves with purple edges. Dragon trees produce a red resin known as dragon's blood that is used as a varnish. The good luck plant is a houseplant with wide leaves that are pink, purple, yellow, or green. Cabbage treeshave narrow, green leaves that are bright crimson or purple underneath.
Dracaenas belong to the agave family, Agavaceae. The gold-dust plant is Dracaena surculosa; corn plant, D. fragrans massangeana; dragon tree, D. draco. The good luck plant is Cordyline terminalis; cabbage tree, C. australis.