Plant terms are words and phrases that are used in botany. Plant terms describe plant life, growth, structure and classification. Knowing and understanding plant terms is vital to the study of botany.



Bulb, in common usage, an underground stem bearing scales (modified leaves) and one or more buds.

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  • Damping-off

    Damping-off, a disease of seeds, seedlings, and cuttings that can occur when the soil is overwatered or when the seeds are planted too close together. See more »

  • Epiphyte

    Epiphyte, any plant that grows on and is supported by another object, but does not receive nourishment from it. See more »

  • Fauna

    Fauna, the animal life of a given region, or the animal life of a certain geological period. See more »

  • Floriculture

    Floriculture, the cultivation of ornamental flowering plants. The term is applied particularly to commercial flower growing. See more »

  • Flower Show
    Flower Show

    Flower Show, an exhibit in which flowering plants and foliage plants are displayed according to rules set by a governing committee. See more »

  • Gall

    Gall, an abnormal growth or swelling on a tree or other plant. Galls may occur on the leaves, bark, stems, or roots. See more »

  • Gum

    Gum, a sticky substance taken from plants. Gums are taken from the seeds of some plants, from the dried exudates (discharges) of other plants, and from the cell walls or tubers of a few plants. See more »

  • Gum Resin
    Gum Resin

    Gum Resin, a natural mixture of gum and resin that is obtained from the leaves and bark of certain plants. See more »

  • Herbarium

    Herbarium, a collection of plants, preserved for storage and display and systematically arranged for scientific study. See more »

  • Lespedeza

    Lespedeza, or Bush Clover, a group of annual and perennial herbs and shrubs native to eastern Asia, Australia, and North America. See more »

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