Astronomy terms are used to describe the various phenomena in space. In this section you can learn what every astronomy term means and how it helps us to better understand the cosmos.
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Solar wind is a continuous stream of mostly hydrogen and helium that flows outward from the sun in all directions. It does everything from disrupt GPS signals to create the aurora borealis.
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Aberration of Light is a phenomenon in which a star or other celestial body, as viewed from the earth, appears to be slightly displaced from its true position.
Andromeda Galaxy, a spiral galaxy that is larger than the Milky Way (the galaxy to which Earth belongs) but similar to it in structure, and the closest to ours.
Transit, in astronomy, is the passage of one celestial body across the disc (face) of a larger, more distant body, or across the observer's meridian.
Azimuth, the horizontal direction of an object, measured clockwise in degrees, minutes, and seconds of arc from true north or south along the theoretical horizon.
Bolometer, an instrument used to measure infrared, or heat, radiation. The bolometer is essentially a very sensitive thermometer.
Chronometer, a timepiece that is exceptionally accurate. Traditionally, the term refers to the marine chronometer, a rugged mechanical instrument used at sea to keep time for navigational purposes.
Cosmogony, the study of the origin and development of the universe as a whole and of the individual bodies that compose it.
Day, in astronomy, the average length of time between successive noons. Noon is defined as the instant when the sun is highest in the sky.
Double Star, a pair of closely-spaced stars that to the unaided eye usually appear as a single star.
Hourglass, a device for measuring time. In its usual form it consists of two cone-shaped or oval glass receptacles joined by a narrow neck.
Magnitude, in astronomy, a unit of measurement of the brightness of stars. The scale of magnitude extends from negative numbers (for example, the minus first magnitude) for very bright stars to positive numbers (for example, the fourth magnitude) for dimmer ones.
Midnight Sun, a name given the sun when it can be seen at midnight during the Arctic or Antarctic summer.
Nebular Hypothesis, an explanation of how the solar system was formed, proposed by Pierre Simon de Laplace in 1796.
Nova, (plural: Novae), a star that rapidly increases in brightness and then fades again.
Perihelion and Aphelion, The perihelion is the point on the orbit of a planet or comet that is closest to the sun.
Perturbation, in astronomy, is a disturbance in the orbit or motion of a heavenly body.
Planetarium, is an educational device for showing the locations and movements of the planets and other objects in the universe.
Planetesimal hypothesis is a theory of the origin of the solar system. It was proposed by Forrest R.