Crocus, a genus of plants belonging to the iris family. The flowers look as if they grow directly from the ground. Their six segments may be white, lavender, lilac, rose-purple, or yellow. Some varieties are striped, spotted, or tinged with several colors. Crocuses grow from bulblike corms (underground stems) that multiply, producing more crocus plants. A food flavoring is obtained from the dried stigmas (flower parts that receive pollen) of the saffron, a European crocus. The common crocus, which reaches a height of about five inches (13 cm), is one of the first flowers to bloom in the spring.

Crocuses belong to the family Iridaceae. The common crocus is Crocus vernus .

The cloth of gold crocusThe cloth of gold crocus blooms in the spring and has a bright orange-yellow flower.