Fuchsia, a genus of flowering plants belonging to the evening primrose family. There are nearly 100 species of fuchsias Most of them are low shrubs, but others grow as trailing plants, climbers, and small trees. Some have edible berries, and some yield a dye. Fuchsias are native mainly to tropical and subtropical America, but a few species are found in New Zealand and Tahiti. The genus is named for Leonard Fuchs (15011566), a Bavarian botanist.
Some species and hybrid varieties of fuchsias are cultivated as indoor pot plants. Some are grown in gardens, and on trellises and in hanging baskets in the warmer parts of the United States. One outdoor variety, sometimes used as a hedge, is hardy as far north as New York City when protected in winter. The most popular species have longstamened, drooping flowers that often hang in clusters, and are commonly called lady's eardrops. Both sepals and petals of fuchsia flowers are brightly colored, and the flowers may appear in two to four contrasting hues, including crimson, white, pink, purple, or blue.
Fuchsias belong to the family Onagraceae. Cultivated fuchsias include Fuchsia hybrida, F. magellanica, F. fulgens, and F. coccinea. The wild F. corymbiflora is found in Peru; F. splendens in Mexico; F. procumbens in New Zealand.Fuchsia has long-stamened, drooping flowers that hang in clusters.