Legumes produce their fruit as a pod and generally possess nitrogen-fixing bacteria in nodules on their roots. Because of those bacteria, legumes increase soil's nitrogen content. Some examples of legumes are soybeans, peas and alfalfa.



Vetch, a group of herbs in the pea family, native mainly to north temperate areas.

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  • Soybean

    Soybean, an annual, leguminous plant. The soybeanalso called soja and stock peais one of the leading farm crops of the United States. See more »

  • Bluebonnet

    Bluebonnet, a name given to several different kinds of plants with blue flowers. The plant most commonly called a bluebonnet is a small annual prairie wildflower that is the state flower of Texas. See more »

  • Broom

    Broom, one of a group of ornamental shrubs of the pea family. Brooms have dense clusters of yellow flowers and produce small, flat pods containing the fruit. See more »

  • Carob

    Carob, or St. John's Bread, an evergreen tree native to the Mediterranean region. See more »

  • Clianthus

    Clianthus, a genus of evergreen shrubs grown for their clusters of scarlet flowers. See more »

  • Cowpea

    Cowpea, or Black-eyed Pea, a tropical herb with beanlike seeds. Cowpeas have three leaflets. See more »

  • Furze

    Furze, (also called Gorse or Whin), an ornamental, spiny shrub of the pea family. See more »

  • Honey Locust
    Honey Locust

    Honey Locust, an ornamental tree of eastern North America. It is known also as the sweet locust and, in Great Britain, as the three-thorned acacia. See more »

  • Indigo

    Indigo, a blue dye. It is contained in the leaves and twigs of several kinds of plants, particularly the indigo plant of southern Asia. See more »

  • Kudzu

    Kudzu, a perennial, woody, sprawling vine native to China and Japan. The stems, which may grow more than 100 feet (30 m) long, put down deep, tuberous roots at intervals as they spread, thus forming a network of stems and roots that resists erosion. See more »

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