Science | Life Science | Botany

Botany is a branch of biology focused on the study of plant life. Learn about the science of botany in this section.

Flowering Plants, Shrubs and Trees

Flowering Plants, Shrubs and Trees

Flowering plants, shrubs and trees provide the environment with much needed oxygen and fight soil erosion. They also provide food and shelter for many animals, as well as contribute to the fertility of soil with their dead leaves and flowers. See more »

Fruits

Fruits

Fruits are the seed-bearing parts of plants. Fruits are often fleshy, edible substances containing juices and nutrients beneficial to humans and animals. However, many fruits are commonly mistaken as vegetables. See more »

Grasses

Grasses

Grasses are shallow-rooted perennials that have long, narrow leaves with veins running parallel to their length. Grasses, which are often herbs, typically grow in large masses, though some grasses, like bamboo, are large and woody. See more »

Herbs & Spices

Herbs & Spices

Herbs and spices are used to flavor food. Herbs are plants lacking permanent woody stems and are valued for qualities such as medicinal properties, flavor and scent. Spices are made from vegetative substances such as seeds, roots and barks. See more »

Legumes

Legumes

Legumes produce their fruit as a pod and generally possess nitrogen-fixing bacteria in nodules on their roots. Because of those bacteria, legumes increase soil's nitrogen content. Some examples of legumes are soybeans, peas and alfalfa. See more »

Nuts

Nuts

Nuts are hard, dry, single-seeded fruits which do not open at maturity. Nuts provide nourishment for any animals that are able to open the shells. Many fruits are called nuts, even though biologists would not classify them as such. See more »

Vegetables

Vegetables

Vegetables are plants raised for some edible part, such as the leaves, roots, fruit or flowers. Vegetables exclude any plant that is thought to be a fruit in the culinary sense. The term vegetable also refers to the edible part of a plant. See more »