Bergamot, a name given to several plants. The bergamot tree is a citrus tree that bears fragrant, yellow, pear-shaped fruit. The tree is cultivated in southern Italy for the fruit, which yields an oil that is used to scent certain perfumes and to flavor certain foods. The bergamot lime, or limeberry, is a related tree, grown in Southeast Asia as an ornamental.
Fragrant plants of the mint family also are called bergamot. The bergamot mint, or lemon mint, is a common European plant that has been introduced in North America. Its leaves give off a lemony odor. Wild bergamot grows in southern Canada and in New England. It bears rounded clusters of tubular pink or lavender flowers. Its aromatic leaves are used to make an herbal mint tea. Oswego tea, a related plant, is also called sweet bergamot.
The bergamot tree is Citrus aurantium; the bergamot lime is Triphasia trifolia. Both belong to the family Rutaceae. The bergamot mint is Mentha piperita citrata; the wild bergamot, Monarda fistulosa. Both belong to the mint family, Labiatae.