Sandalwood, the common name for several species of evergreen trees found from India east through Polynesia. The mature sandal wood tree is a partial parasite, its roots drawing some nourishment from the roots of other trees. The sandalwood seedling can live independently. Sandalwood trees grow slowly, reaching a height of about 50 feet (15 m) at maturity, in about 40 years.
The white sandalwood, a tree found in southern India, Hawaii, and other tropical areas, is valued for its white sapwood, used in making cabinets and for carvings. Sandalwood oil, distilled from the yellow heart-wood, is used for incense and in the manufacture of perfume.
The white sandalwood is Santalum album of the sandalwood family, Santalaceae.