In every fraction, there's a top number and a bottom number, separated by a short horizontal line.

In a proper fraction, the smaller number — called the numerator — will always be on top, while the larger number — the denominator — will be on the bottom.

So 2/3, 3/4 and 6/8 are all examples of proper fractions.

The numerator tells us how many units we have of a whole and the denominator tells us how many units make up the whole. So, in the fraction 1/2, *1* is the numerator and *2* is the denominator — there are two units in the whole, but this fraction tells us that we only have one of these units.

Unlike when you are adding or subtracting fractions, you can multiply fractions with different denominators. For instance, it's not a problem to multiply 3/4 x 2/5.