After traveling through the Gulf of Mexico in late August 2017, Hurricane Harvey arrived in the United States as a Category 4 storm. It was the first major hurricane to make landfall in the continental United States in a decade, after 2005's Hurricane Wilma, and the arrival of Harvey coincided with its peak intensity: winds of 130 mph (215 kph). Coastal communities like Corpus Christi and Galveston were hard-hit, but the most striking damage hit Houston, the fourth-largest city in the country.
Flooding in Houston was severe, as Harvey remained over the area for days, dumping up to 50 inches (127 centimeters) of water in certain locations. That's the same amount of rainfall Houston usually sees in an entire year, all deposited in a four-day span, and the area's ecosystem and manmade environment were both overwhelmed. The storm also affected communities like Beaumont, Texas, where the entire city was cut off from fresh drinking water. FEMA director Brock Long called Harvey "probably the worst disaster the state's seen" [source: The Washington Post].
More than 13,000 people required rescuing throughout Texas, and an overall 30,000 people from that state were displaced by floodwaters [source: Chicago Tribune]. And while Texas was hardest-hit, the storm also affected communities in Louisiana, Alabama, Tennessee and beyond. Damage estimates were around $121 billion, making it the second-most expensive storm in U.S. history after Katrina [source: NOAA].
Harvey had claimed at least 82 lives in Texas [source: Moravec]. Officials say that number includes those who died as a direct result of the storm, drowning in flash floods or on roads.