Bentonite, the name given to a group of industrially useful clays containing the mineral montmorillonite. Bentonite clays are primarily aluminum silicates, mixed with varying amounts of sodium, calcium, or magnesium. A major use of bentonite clays is in oil-well drilling mud, a mixture of water, bentonite, and chemicals used to cool the drilling bit and carry away cuttings from the well. Certain types of bentonite expand to several times their original volume when mixed with water; they are used as sealants in dams and concrete-lined canals.
When a star dies, it becomes a black hole. Once something passes through the it's gone for good, never to be seen or heard from again. If we lived next to a black hole, would it suck us in too?
We hear about humidity in just about every weather report on the nightly news. There are several different ways meteorologists measure humidity, but relative humidity is the most common measurement. What is relative humidity, though? Find out in this