Alluvium, the silt, clay, sand, and other material transported and deposited by running water. The term excludes lake and ocean deposits and is usually restricted to geologically recent sediments. Alluvium is laid down in many places but occurs most extensively on flood plains (areas along streams that are subjected to flooding); in river deltas; and in alluvial fans, cones, and plains at the base of steep mountains. Some of the world's richest agricultural land consists of alluvial soil. Such regions are also among the most heavily populated on earth. Examples include the Nile River valley and the deltas of eastern and southeastern Asia.
When a star dies, it becomes a black hole. Once something passes through the it's gone for good, never to be seen or heard from again. If we lived next to a black hole, would it suck us in too?
For decades, stargazing scientists have been facing their own darkness on the edge of town as they try to explain one of astronomy's greatest mysteries: dark matter. Have they been successful, or will the universe carry its secrets for a long time?