International Geophysical Year (IGY), a period of extensive study of the earth by geophysicists and other scientists of many countries working in close cooperation. The International Geophysical Year was held from July 1, 1957, to December 31, 1958. The 18-month year was scheduled to coincide with a peak period in the sun's energy cycle, which influences the earth's magnetic field and the ionosphere. IGY scientists from 66 nations, under the direction of the International Council of Scientific Unions, carried out experiments and observations in all parts of the world. Governments and universities supported the project, which cost about $500,000,000. The most spectacular achievement of the IGY was the launching of the first artificial satellites. Much IGY activity took place in Antarctica.
How cool would that be to stand amongst the company of fellow laureates like Mother Teresa or Albert Einstein? We have some ideas for scoring you one (nominating yourself isn't one of them).
He's ventured to the abyss of black holes, wagered on the information paradox and floated around in zero gravity. Meet the man, the legend, the super scientist: Stephen Hawking.