Electricity, the phenomena caused by a fundamental property of matter called electric charge. The term is commonly used to refer to electric charge itself, to electric energy, and to electric power. Electric energy, the most versatile form of energy available, is used for lighting, heating, and cooling. It is also used for communications, for running motors, in various kinds of industrial processes, and for many other purposes.

Terms used in electricity
Ampere is the unit used to measure the rate of flow of an electric current.
Conductor is a material through which electric current flows easily.
Electric charge is a basic feature of certain particles of matter that causes them to attract or repel other charged particles.
Electric circuit is the path that an electric current follows.
Electric current is the flow of electric charges.
Electric field is the influence a charged body has on the space around it that causes other charged bodies in that space to experience electric forces.
Electrode is a piece of metal or other conductor through which current enters or leaves an electric device.
Electromagnetism is a basic force in the universe that involves both electricity and magnetism.
Electron is a subatomic particle with a negative electric charge.
Insulator is a material that opposes the flow of electric current.
Ion is an atom or group of atoms that has either gained or lost electrons, and so has an electric charge.
Kilowatt-hour is the amount of electric energy a 1,000-watt device uses in one hour.
Neutron is a subatomic particle that has no electric charge.
Ohm is the unit used to measure a material's resistance to the flow of electric current.
Proton is a subatomic particle with a positive electric charge.
Resistance is a material's opposition to the flow of electric current.
Static electricity is electric charge that is not moving.
Voltage is a type of "pressure" that drives electric charges through a circuit.
Watt is the unit used to measure the rate of energy consumption, including electric energy.