Pliocene Epoch, the geologic epoch that began about 6,000,000 years ago and lasted about 4,000,000 years. It is a subdivision of the Tertiary Period of the Cenozoic Era. Great uplifting occurred in the mountains of the northwestern United States during the Pliocene Epoch. Pliocene formations in California are sources of petroleum.
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Petrified Wood, wood that has been fossilized by being turned into stone. Petrifaction is a natural process that may form fossils from the solid remains of any plant or animal.
Before the existence of radiocarbon dating, archaeologists would hope their prized potsherds happened to lie buried next to a dated coin. How has the measurement of C-14 and C-12 revolutionized the science of archaeology?