Pliocene Epoch, the geologic epoch that began about 6,000,000 years ago and lasted about 4,000,000 years. It is a subdivision of the Tertiary Period of the Cenozoic Era. Great uplifting occurred in the mountains of the northwestern United States during the Pliocene Epoch. Pliocene formations in California are sources of petroleum.
Earthquakes and volcanoes get all the press. But the landslides they trigger are often more devastating. What makes the ground suddenly rip downhill, taking trees and homes with it?
At best, fossilization is a long and tricky process that mineralizes an occasional Tyrannosaurus rex or other extraordinary find. How has that affected our chances at charting a model of life itself?