Transducer, in electronics, a device that converts electric energy into some other form of energy, or vice versa. Transducers are used in sound systems, in video equipment and in many measuring devices. A transducer used in a measuring device produces an electric current proportional to the strength or intensity of the physical quantity—such as heat, light, or mechanical stress—to which the transducer is subjected. Piezoelectric crystals (crystals that produce an electric current when deformed) and photoelectric cells are transducers; so are loudspeakers, which produce sound from electric energy.
Batman and particle physicists have a lot in common. While Batman brawls with anarchist clowns and mutated ecoterrorists, CERN scientists chase down their own notable adversaries. Get to know five of them.
Albert Einstein discovered that time is relative, meaning that when objects travel at, or close to the speed of light, distances stretch and time slows down. Learn more about light, time, mass, energy and the very fundamentals of the universe in these videos.