Transducer, in electronics, a device that converts electric energy into some other form of energy, or vice versa. Transducers are used in sound systems, in video equipment and in many measuring devices. A transducer used in a measuring device produces an electric current proportional to the strength or intensity of the physical quantity—such as heat, light, or mechanical stress—to which the transducer is subjected. Piezoelectric crystals (crystals that produce an electric current when deformed) and photoelectric cells are transducers; so are loudspeakers, which produce sound from electric energy.
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