Paleontology is a historical science focused on explaining life on earth. The study of fossils can help us answer the question of where we came from.

Newly Discovered Fossil Reveals Ancient Penguins Were Huge

The prehistoric penguin was the size of a small adult human, which says a lot about penguins' evolution.

Matrilineal Dynasty Unearthed in Ancient Pueblo Community

And archaeologists figured it out with just a little DNA.

450 Huge Geometrical Earthworks in the Amazon Hint at Past Civilizations

Although the trenched enclosures were probably used to conduct rituals, they can tell us how the ancient indigenous people of the Amazon managed their forests.

Human Penis Bone Disappeared With Rise of Monogamy, Succinct Sex

Most mammals have a penis bone called a baculum, but humans don't. A new study sheds light on the history of the baculum, and why ours is missing.

Ancient Human Skeleton Found in Antikythera Shipwreck

Could this new underwater find shed light on the enigmatic ancient computing device known as the Antikythera Mechanism?

Scholars Could Crack the Code of the Etruscan Language With Big, New Find

A stone slab unearthed in northern Italy has revealed its first big discovery: the name of an Etruscan goddess in a lost language.

Bronze Age Wonders Emerge After 3,000 Years Beneath a British Bog

The perfectly preserved remains of a 3,000-year-old settlement called Must Farm provide a window into the lives of the Bronze Age Britons.

If Those Aren't Human Hands in Ancient Cave Art … What Are They?

Wadi Sura's enigmatic cave art gives a glimpse into a society where lines between human and animal were very, very blurry. New research has solved some of the mystery.

New Expedition Hunts for Dinosaurs — And More! — Beneath Antarctic Ice

Antarctica is tough to get to. Tougher still, for a group of paleontologists, is not knowing what's under all that ice. This expedition looks to remedy that problem.

So You Dug Up a Woolly Mammoth in Your Backyard. Can You Keep It?

Can you keep ancient things you unearth? While the short answer is, yes, there are, of course, legal and ethical considerations depending on the circumstances.