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Paleontology is a historical science focused on explaining life on earth. The study of fossils can help us answer the question of where we came from.

What can we learn from computational archaeology?

While archaeological digs are still hands-on projects, some computer programs can help piece together a more complete picture of the site and even what its inhabitants might have looked like. What else can the software tell us?

Newly Discovered Fossil Reveals Ancient Penguins Were Huge

The ancient penguin was the size of a small adult human, which says a lot about penguins' evolution. Learn more about the discovery at HowStuffWorks. See more »

Matrilineal Dynasty Unearthed in Ancient Pueblo Community

Researchers have added another matrilineal society to the mix. Learn more at HowStuffWorks. See more »

450 Huge Geometrical Earthworks in the Amazon Hint at Past Civilizations

What can ancient Amazonian geoglyphs teach us about agroforestry? Learn more in this HowStuffWorks Now article. See more »

Human Penis Bone Disappeared With Rise of Monogamy, Succinct Sex

What is a baculum, and why did the human penis bone disappear? Learn more about the baculum and monogamy in this HowStuffWorks Now article. See more »

Ancient Human Skeleton Found in Antikythera Shipwreck

New human remains were found at the shipwreck of the Antikythera Mechanism. Read about this archaeological find in this HowStuffWorks Now article. See more »

Scholars Could Crack the Code of the Etruscan Language With Big, New Find

Archaeologists made a major discovery when they found part of an ancient Etruscan temple. HowStuffWorks Now explains why that matters. See more »

Bronze Age Wonders Emerge After 3,000 Years Beneath a British Bog

Archaeological finds at England's Must Farm are incredible. Learn more about the items found at Must Farm in this HowStuffWorks Now article. See more »

If Those Aren't Human Hands in Ancient Cave Art … What Are They?

Research into the cave art at Wadi Sura II finds non-human hand stencils. Why? Learn more in this HowStuffWorks Now article. See more »

New Expedition Hunts for Dinosaurs — And More! — Beneath Antarctic Ice

Fossils the AP3 expedition unearths in Antarctica could offer clues to the evolution of the birds and mammals. Read this HowStuffWorks Now article. See more »

So You Dug Up a Woolly Mammoth in Your Backyard. Can You Keep It?

A Michigan farmer found the skeleton of a Jeffersonian mammoth on his own property. Learn who gets to keep this mammoth find at HowStuffWorks Now. See more »