Battle Cruiser, a large, fast, heavily armed warship. The battle cruisers of World War I and World War II were the size of battleships and had the heavy guns of battleships, but were lightly armored, giving them the speed of cruisers. During World War I, they scored successes against smaller and older ships, but proved vulnerable against battleships and other battle cruisers. During World War II, only a few battle cruisers were used; most notable was the British vessel Hood, which was destroyed by the German battleship Bismarck in 1941. No more battle cruisers were built until the Soviet Union built two during the 1980's. They are the size of small battleships and their main armament consists of surface-to-surface and surface-to-air missiles.
The Infantry Tank Mark II A-12, or Matilda II, signified a change in Britain's thinking about tanks. Fortunately, this change in tank design came just in time for the start of World War II. Learn about the Infantry Tank Mark II A-12.
The Leopard 1 Main Battle Tank was post-war Germany's first tank designed and built in West Germany. This tank can be sealed and pressurized for use in biological warfare situations. Learn more about the Leopard 1 Main Battle Tank.