Cancer, a constellation and the fourth sign of the zodiac. Cancer is the Latin name for crab; presumably, the unknown person who named it thought the constellation resembled that animal in shape. The Tropic of Cancer, an imaginary line 23 27' north of the Equator, marks the northernmost points reached by the sun's vertical rays. It is so named because in ancient times the sun was highest in the northern sky when it was in the same area of the sky as Cancer.
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Some of the most interesting objects in our solar system are also the smallest or largest. In addition to the sun, planets, and moons, our solar system has a variety of small objects such as asteroids, comets, stars, meteors, and moons. These have affected what has happened on Earth in many ways.
It's tough to wrap your mind around a time when the Earth wasn't here. So how do Earth and the rest of the planets out there get their start in the universe?