Solid, in physics and chemistry, one of the three states of matter. The other two states of matter are gas and liquid. A solid tends to maintain its shape without a container. Some solids are harder than others. True solids are crystalline; that is, the atoms of which they are composed are arranged in definite, three-dimensional patterns. They have definite melting temperatures. Some substances, such as glass and tar, that appear to be solid are amorphous—they do not have a crystalline atomic structure. These substances soften and melt over a range of temperatures; they are not true solids.
Atoms: the building blocks of life and the universe. We're all made of these microscopic bits of matter, but how many does it take to make a complete human being? And exactly what kinds of atoms do we have inside us?
Nuclear materials get used in many forms of nuclear medicine -- everything from PET scans to chemotherapy uses them. Learn how nuclear medicine works.