Oligocene, Epoch. A division of geologic time that began about 37,000,000 years ago and lasted 14,000,000 years. The Oligocene is the third and latest division of the Paleogene Period. Most of the rock formed during the Oligocene is sedimentary-During this time some mountain building occurred in the northwestern United States. Petroleum and natural gas are found in commercial quantities in rocks of the Oligocene Epoch.
Petrified Wood, wood that has been fossilized by being turned into stone. Petrifaction is a natural process that may form fossils from the solid remains of any plant or animal.
Before the existence of radiocarbon dating, archaeologists would hope their prized potsherds happened to lie buried next to a dated coin. How has the measurement of C-14 and C-12 revolutionized the science of archaeology?